You must include minerals and nutrients in your diet in order for the body’s tissues to resist infection. The presence of too much or too little of any nutrient can have harmful effects, particularly on the mouth and teeth, and may contribute to oral diseases and infection. There are many minerals and nutrients that are good for the entire body.Following a healthy diet is important for your mouth and for your whole body. Some vitamin deficiencies could have severe effects on your teeth and on your mouth. If you have a sore mouth or if your gums bleed frequently then you may not be able to eat properly. This will eventually make your vitamin deficiency even worse. Here are just some of the minerals and nutrients your body needs to stay healthy:
Vitamin C is a great vitamin to make sure you have the proper quantity.Too little vitamin C will lead to bleeding gums and loose teeth. Sweet potatoes, raw red peppers, and oranges are great sources of vitamin C. A daily dose of 500 mg is shown to be very helpful.
Calcium – Your teeth and jaws are made mostly of calcium. If one is deficient in calcium you risk developing gum disease and tooth decay. Calcium is found in many foods and liquids, such as milk, yogurt, cheese, beans, and oysters. The daily dietary calcium requirement for people of ages 31-50 is 1000mg. For those older than 50, the requirement increases to 1200mg per day. To give you some perspective on how much this is, an 8 oz. glass of milk contains 300mg of calcium. If you fall short of these requirements then adding supplements will be beneficial.
If you are deficient in iron then you will get a burning sensation in your tongue, a burning sensation in your mouth, fungal infections in your mouth, swelling of your tongue, redness of your tongue, oral sores, pale oral tissues. Iron is found in many foods, including liver and red meat. Other iron-rich foods include bran cereals, some nuts, and spices.
You also can develop mouth sores when you do not consume enough of the vitamins B12 and B2, B3. Red meat, chicken, liver, pork, fish, as well as dairy products like milk, yogurt, and cheese, are good sources of vitamin B12. Vitamin B2 is found in foods like pasta, bagels, spinach, and almond
This is a review of some of the important minerals and vitamins that can affect your oral health. You should ask your physician for help in determining your vitamin deficiencies and how they should be addressed. We, as dentist, can help to pick up the oral manifestations. Eating a healthy diet and using supplements can be very important to one’s health.